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Forced or compulsory labour is sometimes hidden but often people are exploited in plain sight. Victims come from a variety of backgrounds – they may be UK citizens, EU migrants or from outside of the EU.
Forced labour offences in the UK* apply regardless of the victim’s immigration status or entitlement to work in the UK.
People who are subject to forced labour are typically made to work in sectors such as:
  • agriculture**
  • food processing and packaging**
  • construction
  • warehousing and logistics
  • the service industry and catering
  • manufacturing (in sweatshops)
“All work or service that is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily.”